Robust Understanding of Robot-Directed Speech Commands Using Sequence to Sequence With Noise Injection


This paper describes a new method that enables a service robot to understand spoken commands in a robust manner using off-the-shelf automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems and an encoder-decoder neural network with noise injection. In numerous instances, the understanding of spoken commands in the area of service robotics is modeled as a mapping of speech signals to a sequence of commands that can be understood and performed by a robot. In a conventional approach, speech signals are recognized, and semantic parsing is applied to infer the command sequence from the utterance. However, if errors occur during the process of speech recognition, a conventional semantic parsing method cannot be appropriately applied because most natural language processing methods do not recognize such errors. We propose the use of encoder-decoder neural networks, e.g., sequence to sequence, with noise injection. The noise is injected into phoneme sequences during the training phase of encoder-decoder neural network-based semantic parsing systems. We demonstrate that the use of neural networks with a noise injection can mitigate the negative effects of speech recognition errors in understanding robot-directed speech commands i.e., increase the performance of semantic parsing. We implemented the method and evaluated it using the commands given during a general purpose service robot (GPSR) task, such as a task applied in RoboCup@Home, which is a standard service robot competition for the testing of service robots. The results of the experiment show that the proposed method, namely, sequence to sequence with noise injection (Seq2Seq-NI), outperforms the baseline methods. In addition, Seq2Seq-NI enables a robot to understand a spoken command even when the speech recognition by an off-the-shelf ASR system contains recognition errors. Moreover, in this paper we describe an experiment conducted to evaluate the influence of the injected noise and provide a discussion of the results.

Source: frontier

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